Zitadelle Spandau - Spandau Fortress
What? Spandau is part of Berlin? No way! A typical reaction of people who are not too familiar with Berlin. I once even managed to fool someone into believing that Spandau has its own car license plate (SPN instead of B - it actually stands for Spree-Neisse District). Indeed, Spandau has that sleepy small town feel to it, just like Köpenick on the other end of Berlin. It doesn´t just feel far away, it is far away. Between the western limits of Spandau and the eastern limits of Köpenick lie 27 miles - 44 Km. Well, what does Spandau have to offer? A pretty historic center (actually an island with a moat around one half and the Havel River around the other half of town) with impressive protestant St. Nicolai and catholic St. Mary churches, and of course, the equally impressive fortress just across from the island to the east. Spandau had been a town in its own right for the longest time, it is probably even slightly older than Berlin itself. The major reason for the establishment of a settlement, and later the fortress, was the fact that the Spree River joins the Havel River at this spot. Strategically perfect for control of the wider area, and later on, for control of trade toll collection on both rivers.
Main entrance and gate building.
All four corners (bastions) of the fortress have names,
this one is named Koenigin - Queen.
Where there´s a Queen, sometimes there´s a King: Bastion Koenig.
The ramp leading to the upper walls.
This group of mighty oaks on a small hill on Bastion Koenig seems to have had an important role in the past.
There are some graves and there is also reference to a place of execution.
Inside Julius tower.
The interior of the fortress houses many buildings which were built over the course of time. There are museums,
a theatre, the BAT wildlife conservation, restaurants, conference halls and a venue for live music events.
The moat of the fortress had a link to the Havel River, therefore there was also a
link between moat and the fortress interior for parking boats.
These statues of all Brandenburg marquesses (Markgraf), Electoral Princes (Kurfürst) and Kings of Prussia
once lined the Siegesallee (Victory Avenue), a road running through the park of
Tiergarten, which doesn´t exist anymore.