Neukölln Village Beauty
A few days ago I posted about the Neukölln tristesse on an early spring day, now it´s about a pretty part of Neukölln. Neukölln is probably the most diverse city district of Berlin; it stretches from the inner city down south to the border of Brandenburg, representing all colors and aspects of its population. Blue collar, white collar, welfare receivers, hipsters, arab family clans, bourgeois, neo-nazis and leftist activists all print their mark on the cement mix that tries to hold everything together.
Rixdorf is a part of Neukölln that has kept its rural character over the centuries, many parts somehow survived the war and through post-war negligence also survived the maniac city planners of the 60s through the 80s. Here we have a village that used to lie well outside city limits for the most part of its existence, only to be slowly overtaken by urban structures starting in the late 1800s. Rixdorf is also known as the Bohemian Village as the descendants of Bohemian Refugees settled down here in the 1730s. Initially Protestant Bohemians fled from their homeland in 1620 during the 30-Year-War, when Bohemia was forced to convert to Catholicism. They had been in other parts of Saxony, Brandenburg and Prussia, especially around Potsdam before finally settling down in Rixdorf. For some time the village was divided into a German and a Bohemian part, to the east and the west of the village square respectively.
Today Rixdorf is known for its laid-back atmosphere, still preserving the rural spirit and keeping the surrounding big city noise outside. Restaurants, cafés and the town square centerpiece inspire to explore and walk around, taking in the historic spirit.
Part of the memorial showing the trek of the refugees.
A typical 1700th century farm house with a gate for the horse carts. Farming and
handicrafts were the most common source of income for villagers.
This Bauhaus inspired building stands out from the historical buildings around it and harbors
a community centre run by the Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine (Moravian Church),
a religious community brought along by the Refugees.
Town scenes, the Bethlehem Church at the town square.
Backside of the blacksmith house.
The still active village tavern (in background) is situated at the edge of town square.
Old and new elements co-exist.
Gardens are a vital part of the village and emphasize
the rural character of the whole setting.
John Amos Comenius was a polymath genius who is considered the father of modern education. He was a fighter for equal rights, he especially designed an education system that would be flexible and suitable for all levels of society. The statue was a gift by the Czech Republic and unveiled by Alexander Dubček, the former leader of Czechoslovakia and prominent figure of the 1968 Prague Spring.